Hummingbird Migration Map 2022 Sightings & Patterns (2022)

Hummingbird Migration Map for 2022 – listing of 2022 hummingbird sightings and migration patterns (Spring & Fall). View map & download species guide.

Like a lot of birds out there, hummingbirds migrate in the colder months to a warmer climate. In North America, hummingbirds tend to spend the winter months in central America or Mexico, and they will not start to migrate until around the month of February.

The migration pattern might differ from year to year, but the birds pick up on a number of things to really trigger their move back up north. Below is a detailed guide on what to expect out of hummingbirds, and when they might be in your particular area.

Hummingbird migration patterns

Spring migration

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When the days become longer and the weather becomes a little bit better, hummingbirds make their way back up north through most of the United States. This migration process usually starts around the end of February, and by March people will start to notice hummingbirds in different areas.

The males will be the first to arrive, and as one might expect, they first can be spotted in southern states along the Gulf Coast. It is very dependent on the weather that year, but by the beginning of March people in Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida should all be seeing hummingbirds. Since the ruby-throated is the most popular breed in that part of the United States, chances are that will be the hummingbird seen.

They can take hummingbirds a full month to get about halfway up the United States. Most people in the Midwest will not see their first hummingbird of the year until April. This is due to travel time and weather. They also go off of the abundance of flowers and insects in the area.

Those in the north, as well as Canada, probably will not see hummingbirds until the month of May. As things start to spread out a little, there are going to be fewer hummingbirds in the area in the first place. It might not seem like the best news for those who like to watch hummingbirds in the area, but it just puts more of a focus on having a good feeder set up. As the saying goes, if you build it, they will come.

(Video) Hummingbirds begin migrating up north, to Western New York

Fall migration

Hummingbird Migration Map 2022 Sightings & Patterns (3)

During the summer months, hummingbirds will enjoy the weather in all different parts of the United States. Around the end of August and September, they start to move south, looking for slightly warmer temperatures as well as abundant food sources.

Since this can be some of the hottest weather of the year, hummingbirds usually eat in the early morning, and then travel during the day. By the late afternoon, they are once again eating, trying to maintain their body weight as much as possible. Keep food levels at a pretty high level in order to bring them in during their migration.

Those looking to catch their final glimpses of hummingbirds in the fall should check out the southern coast of the United States in the month of September. They are usually gathering to make one final flight south, either to somewhere over the Gulf of Mexico or in Mexico itself. There are some that will end up staying in the United States, but they are certainly not as prevalent.

Each year, people should pay attention to the overall weather patterns. It is becoming a little bit more common to see hummingbirds either wait out the migration, or stay in the United States altogether. This seems to be a little bit more common in the western part of the United States, especially with Anna’s hummingbirds.

When and where do hummingbirds migrate?

The most common dates to keep in mind are March 1 and September 1. In that window, people all around the United States have a good opportunity to see some hummingbird activity. It is worth having a feeder out, especially if the weather is doing well. Being one of the first to have food out for the hummingbirds can give a person and edge over other yards in the area.

Different species of hummingbirds are going to be in different parts of the United States. The most common hummingbird in the United States is the ruby-throated hummingbird, and they usually stick to the eastern half of the United States. Black-chinned and Anna’s hummingbirds are going to be found in the western part of United States, and Rufous hummingbirds stick to the Pacific Northwest.

The most common species of hummingbirds

To a lot of people, or hummingbirds look relatively the same. While some do you share a lot of similar characteristics, it is interesting to tell the differences as well. Here is a look at some of the most common species out there, as well as where to find them in the United States.

(Video) Hummingbird Migration

Ruby-throated hummingbirds

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For most people, ruby-throated hummingbirds are going to be what many people considered to be just a generic hummingbird. They are the most common in the United States, especially in the eastern half.

These hummingbirds have a very strict routine, often returning to the same area each and every year. Their body allows them to realize when it is time to migrate north, and they will stay around depending on the weather.

Anna’s hummingbird

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On the west coast, this is one of the most common hummingbirds out there. They span the Pacific coast, and even go in towards Arizona and Texas. Due to the weather in the area, they tend to be permanent residence instead of migrating to other parts of the world.

They are able to handle colder temperatures by gaining weight during the day. They do that by converting sugar into fat. They also have some beautiful markings and colors on their head, making them easy to distinguish in the wild. They are the only hummingbird with red on the crown.

Rufous

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Found in the western United States more towards the Pacific Northwest (and Canada), the Rufous is orange/red in appearance. They are very aggressive, and people should be a little bit worried about that overall if they try to get too close. They tend to get aggressive with other hummingbirds for the most part, but they are feisty and territorial.

A bit on the small side, most of these hummingbirds are only going to be about 3 to 4 inches. Their Rufous back is one of a kind, and the reason it has the name. Since they like to hang out in colder temperatures during the summer months, they do tend to migrate a little bit early. Make sure to catch a glimpse of them before it is too late.

Black-Chinned

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(Video) Hummingbird Migration | What to KNOW to HELP them SURVIVE

The black-chinned hummingbird stays in the mountains of the western United States, usually in lower elevations. In the winter, they can be found along the Gulf Coast as well as in Central America.

They usually can be spotted due to their black chin and a violet throat. They do look pretty similar to ruby throated hummingbirds, but one way to tell the difference is the shape of they are big. Black chair and hummingbirds are going to have much more curved beaks compared to the straight bill of a ruby-throated hummingbird.

Violet-crowned hummingbird

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These hummingbirds are great to spot, and they are a bit rare overall. If a person is to spot them, they usually can be found in California and west Texas. Other states they tend to be in include Arizona and New Mexico.

The name once again explains how to spot this hummingbird. The violet crown is a heavy contrast to the white throat and red/orange bill. It is one of the most striking hummingbirds out there, and most people consider it to be a huge find when they actually stop by.

White-Eared hummingbird

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Technically speaking, the white stripe behind the eye is not the hummingbird’s ear, but the name makes sense in a lot of ways. Not only are they easy to spot when a person sees that stripe, but their red/orange bill with a black tip is also very distinctive.

Unfortunately, these are becoming a lot more rare than in the past. Mostly spotted in the Southwestern part of the United States, the best way to look for white eared hummingbirds is to stop by in the summer months. Most of the documented spottings in the last few years have been in the state of Texas.

Costa’s Hummingbird

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Anyone in the deserts of the southwest United States should be able to spot Costa’s hummingbirds during the summer months. These birds really do like their hot summer days, and the Sonoran and Mojave desert have a lot of these birds hanging around.

(Video) Keys to Attracting Springtime Hummingbirds

The males are going to have a deep violet head that is very distinctive. Females are going to be a little less vibrant, but they have a white throat with violet feathers.

These hummingbirds are a bit on the smaller side, and they like to hang out in woodland areas.

Allen’s hummingbird

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This is another hummingbird that seems to really like the state of California. They tend to hang out on the coast, coming up during the summer months and staying until the beginning of winter.

These hummingbirds are going to look very similar to the Rufous hummingbird, but they do not have as big of a range. The best way to tell between the two is to look at the throat area. Males are going to have an iridescent red throat, while females will have a dull white look in their throat area.

Calliope hummingbird

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This is the smallest hummingbird found in North America. They like to hang out in the Northwest United States when they come, simply due to the high elevations in the mountains.

Their most distinctive feature is a streaked throat. They usually have some red in the throat area, and it really stands out in flight or standing around.

(Video) Fall Migration: The Best Thing Since Spring Migration

FAQs

Where are the hummingbirds right now in 2022? ›

Spring Migration Tracking Maps

The spring 2022 Hummingbird Migration Map project began in late January of 2022, and ended on May 19, 2022, as most hummingbirds have reached their northernmost breeding grounds in the Canadian provinces.

Where are the hummingbirds located now? ›

Many hummingbirds spend the winter in Central America or Mexico, and migrate north to their breeding grounds in the southern United States as early as February, and to areas further north later in the spring. Hummingbirds fly by day when nectar sources such as flowers are more abundant.

Why are there less hummingbirds this year 2022? ›

This is due to travel time and weather. They also go off of the abundance of flowers and insects in the area. Those in the north, as well as Canada, probably will not see hummingbirds until the month of May. As things start to spread out a little, there are going to be fewer hummingbirds in the area in the first place.

Are hummingbirds out now? ›

Each spring, this species arrives in numbers along the Gulf Coast by early March, filtering northward over the next two months until arriving in northern states and southern provinces by late April or early May. Migrating males usually arrive a week or so before females at any given location.

Why have my hummingbirds suddenly disappeared? ›

The top 5 reasons hummingbirds disappear from your yard are:

Males are territorial and chase each other away. Females visit feeders less while nesting. They may be eating more from local flowers. They may be focusing more on protein in their diet.

Do hummingbirds come back to the same place every year? ›

Hummingbirds do have a fantastic memory and will return to the same feeder every year. If these feeders are not out, the hummingbirds may leave to look somewhere else and never return. It's true that our little friends come back to us loyally but they cannot live more than hours without nectar.

What are hummingbirds afraid of? ›

Hummingbirds are little creatures, so they are wary of any loud noises. Loud music, children, or barking dogs can all scare them away. If you want to provide a safe haven for them, keep noise to a low and see if that does the trick.

When should I put out my hummingbird feeder? ›

Put feeders up by mid-March to attract early migrants--a week or two later in the northern U.S. and Canada, a week or two earlier along the Gulf Coast (see average arrival dates at Migration Map). DON'T wait until you see your first Ruby-throated Hummingbird of the spring, which may be well after the first ones arrive.

Where do hummingbirds go at night? ›

Hummingbirds often find a twig that's sheltered from the wind to rest on for the night. Also, in winter, they can enter a deep sleep-like state known as torpor. This odd behavior usually happens on cold nights, but sometimes they go into a torpid state during the day.

Whats the lifespan of a hummingbird? ›

Why won't hummingbirds drink from my feeder? ›

Hummingbirds are not coming to my feeder for 1 or more of the following 6 reasons: Unattractive hummingbird oasis, unable to locate the feeder, fermenting hummingbird nectar, bees on the feeder, seasonal migrants, presence of potential predators.

Are hummingbirds afraid of other birds? ›

Tiny hummingbirds are indeed afraid of larger birds. Sometimes large birds crowd out the feeders because they feed in flocks. Yet, at times other birds do co-exist with hummingbirds. Orioles are one example of a bird that can take turns with hummingbirds at a feeder.

What temperature do hummingbirds come out? ›

While a nice spring afternoon with temperatures in the 70's may bring around a slew of hummingbirds ready to feed, weather temperatures ranging in the 90's and 100's Fahrenheit keeps them in hiding. Hummingbirds have difficulty regulating their internal body temperature in hot climates.

Do hummingbirds know who feeds them? ›

Hummingbirds recognize and remember people and have been known to fly about their heads to alert them to empty feeders or sugar water that has gone bad.

Has the hummingbird migration started? ›

While some hummingbirds begin their fall migration as early as late July, most don't start their journey south till August or September.

Do wind chimes scare hummingbirds away? ›

The following is what we learned…. Wind chimes do seem to scare off the most persistent of hummers – like Anna's Hummingbirds or Allen's hummingbirds. However, there are other species who just don't mind them as much – such as Ruby-throated Hummingbird s or Calliope Hummingbirds.

Are glass hummingbird feeders better than plastic? ›

Glass hummingbird feeders are more substantial and more durable than plastic over the long term, although some glass feeders include plastic components like perches, covers, or feeding ports as well. Glass feeders can also be easier to clean than plastic and offer a greater diversity of aesthetics.

Do crows eat hummingbirds? ›

Blue Jays, Crows, Roadrunners, Chipmunks, and Squirrels are notorious for eating hummingbird eggs and baby hummingbirds as a nice little treat. Hawks have been known to catch a hummingbird for a quick snack. Fish, frogs, snakes, and lizards have been known to snatch up a low flying hummingbird for a nice meal.

Do hummingbirds remember feeders? ›

Hummingbirds have a great memory – they remember every flower & feeder they've been to, and how long it will take a flower to refill. The hummingbird brain is 4.2% of its body weight – this is the largest, in proportion, of the wild bird group.

Do hummingbirds sleep in the same place every night? ›

Do hummingbirds sleep in the same place each night? Yes. Hummingbirds tend to find a safe space they like to sleep in and return there each night until they migrate.

What time of day are hummingbirds most active? ›

A hummingbird's favorite time of day to visit a feeder and feed on your nectar is usually dawn and dusk, or early in the morning and late in the afternoon before sunset. But even though those two times seem to be their favorite to eat, hummingbirds will be seen feeding at various times throughout the day.

Why do you never see baby hummingbirds? ›

It's understandable why many people don't know what a baby hummingbird looks like. Their nests are so small and so well camouflaged that it's difficult to find them.

Will dragonflies hurt hummingbirds? ›

Dragonflies don't usually kill hummingbirds, but it has happened on rare occasions. Large dragonflies such as green darners and dragon hunters are the most likely culprits.

Do hummingbirds have a natural enemy? ›

Big birds such as hawks, owls, crows, roadrunners, orioles, grackles, gulls, and herons can be hummingbird predators.

Is it OK to feed hummingbirds sugar water? ›

The best (and least expensive) solution for your feeder is a 1:4 solution of refined white sugar to tap water. That's ¼ cup of sugar in 1 cup of water. Bring the solution to a boil, then let it cool before filling the feeder.

Do I need to boil sugar water for hummingbirds? ›

Should I boil the water? No, the water for your nectar does not need to be boiled. Just be sure to stir or shake your mixture until the sugar is fully dissolved in the water.

Can hummingbirds drink cold sugar water? ›

Sugar water that is too cold will sap the birds' energy and can make it difficult for them to maintain their body temperature, which is dangerous for them. Similarly, sugar water that is too warm, or gets too warm during the day, will spoil and create a breeding ground for bacteria and mold to develop.

Where do hummingbirds go when it rains? ›

When bad weather hits, hummers hunker down as tightly as they can in the most sheltered place they can find, often in dense vegetation on the downwind side of a tree trunk. Their feet are very strong and can hold onto a twig very tightly when the wind blows.

Do hummingbirds eat mosquitoes? ›

Hummingbirds eat hundreds of insects a day, including mosquitoes.

What kind of trees do hummingbirds like to nest in? ›

Females build their nests on a slender, often descending branch, usually of deciduous trees like oak, hornbeam, birch, poplar, or hackberry; sometimes pine. Nests are usually 10-40 feet above the ground. Nests have also been found on loops of chain, wire, and extension cords.

What animals eat hummingbirds? ›

Predators that can feast on young hummingbirds and hummingbird eggs include:
  • Snakes and lizards of all sizes.
  • Bats, especially in tropical regions or bats that roost in trees.
  • Corvids such as jays, crows, and ravens.
  • Tropical omnivorous birds, such as toucans.
Apr 14, 2022

What is a group of hummingbirds called? ›

9. A flock of hummingbirds can be referred to as a bouquet, a glittering, a hover, a shimmer, or a tune. 10. There are over 330 species of hummingbirds in North and South America.

Are hummingbirds intelligent? ›

Intelligence. Hummingbirds are extremely smart. A hummingbird's brain is larger in comparison to body size than any other bird. They have a terrific memory.

What happens if you put too much sugar in hummingbird food? ›

The classic hummingbird nectar recipe is easy to make and can be adjusted slightly, but using grossly incorrect sugar-to-water proportions be problematic. Overly weak nectar may not attract hummingbirds, and overly strong nectar can ferment more quickly and clog feeders more easily.

How often should you change hummingbird sugar water? ›

You must change your feeder's nectar, even if it looks like it hasn't lost a drop, on a regular basis. During hot weather, change it every two days. In milder weather, once a week is fine.

Should a hummingbird feeder be in the sun or shade? ›

Sunlight. While some sunlight can help a hummingbird feeder be more visible to passing birds, direct sunlight can also make nectar spoil more quickly. Positioning feeders where they will be shielded from the hottest afternoon sun can be the best option.

What does it mean when a hummingbird chirps at you? ›

They have specific calls for a variety of circumstances, such as to warn of potential threats, to defend territory, to feed, to attract mates and to communicate between parents and offspring. If you chirp to hummingbirds when you put out hummingbird feeders, they may chirp back.

Will a fake owl keep hummingbirds away? ›

Decoys like scarecrows, balloons, fake owls and even rubber snakes can be places to keep birds away. This method might work for a while, but generally birds catch on. After a while, they will be get used to whatever decoy you are using.

What colors do hummingbirds not like? ›

It turns out they actually have heightened sensitivity to the yellow and red end of the color spectrum, with blues appearing duller to them. Therefore, the bright, warm colors stand out more.

What is drinking my hummingbird food at night? ›

There are a variety of animals that will drink hummingbird nectar at night. The main culprits are bats, squirrels, raccoons, opossums, bears, insects, and orioles. These animals will recognize your hummingbird feeders as an easy food source they can access during the night.

How cold is too cold for hummingbirds? ›

In torpor, Broad-tailed Hummingbirds will maintain a minimum body temperature of about 54 degrees Fahrenheit when surrounding temps fall below 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Male hummingbirds can also leave an area that is experiencing detrimental weather, but a female with a clutch of eggs is not so lucky.

Will hummingbirds drink hot nectar? ›

While hummingbirds tolerate hot nectar much like humans can drink and tolerate hot coffee, both would be happier on a hot summer's day with a cooler drink. If the nectar is “too hot” for a human to touch, it is too hot for the hummingbird to drink.

What does it mean when a hummingbird hovers in front of your face? ›

Hummingbirds generally fly up to someone's face because they are curious or investigating a situation. They are extremely inquisitive about their surroundings and enforce caution and safety in their territory. They also recognize, associate, and expect food from a homeowner when trained to be fed at a feeder.

Why do hummingbirds fight over feeders? ›

Hummingbirds are aggressive for a good reason—they can't afford to share flowers during times when not many blossoms are available because they may have to wander a long way after nectar is depleted. This aggression is so deeply ingrained that they just can't figure out that feeders are different.

Where are the hummingbirds right now in 2022? ›

Spring Migration Tracking Maps

The spring 2022 Hummingbird Migration Map project began in late January of 2022, and ended on May 19, 2022, as most hummingbirds have reached their northernmost breeding grounds in the Canadian provinces.

Where are the hummingbirds located now? ›

Many hummingbirds spend the winter in Central America or Mexico, and migrate north to their breeding grounds in the southern United States as early as February, and to areas further north later in the spring. Hummingbirds fly by day when nectar sources such as flowers are more abundant.

What are hummingbirds afraid of? ›

Hummingbirds are little creatures, so they are wary of any loud noises. Loud music, children, or barking dogs can all scare them away. If you want to provide a safe haven for them, keep noise to a low and see if that does the trick.

When should I put out my hummingbird feeder? ›

Put feeders up by mid-March to attract early migrants--a week or two later in the northern U.S. and Canada, a week or two earlier along the Gulf Coast (see average arrival dates at Migration Map). DON'T wait until you see your first Ruby-throated Hummingbird of the spring, which may be well after the first ones arrive.

Why won't hummingbirds come to my feeder? ›

Hummingbirds are not coming to my feeder for 1 or more of the following 6 reasons: Unattractive hummingbird oasis, unable to locate the feeder, fermenting hummingbird nectar, bees on the feeder, seasonal migrants, presence of potential predators.

Are hummingbirds migrating south now? ›

While some hummingbirds begin their fall migration as early as late July, most don't start their journey south till August or September.

Videos

1. Feb 14, 2022 A World on the Wing by Scott Weidensaul
(Sarasota Audubon)
2. Learn About Spring Migration with Audubon
(Audubon Connecticut)
3. SCVAS/Stanford Continuing Studies: BIRD MIGRATION
(SCVAS)
4. High Island Migration: Spring Birding on the Upper Texas Coast with Michael O'Brien
(Victor Emanuel Nature Tours)
5. The Wonders of Bird Migration
(woodridgelibrary)
6. Jan 27, 2021 - eBird: What Happens to All That Data?
(Sarasota Audubon)

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